Antarctica is the most inhospitable place on earth, and largely devoid of life – which makes exploration of the continent extremely perilous.
Sir Francis Chichester (1901–1972) was a British sailor and aviator, famed for being the first person to single-handedly sail around the world making only one stop.
Naturalist Charles Darwin developed groundbreaking theories on evolution following a five-year expedition on board HMS Beagle, 1831–36.
Sir Francis Drake (1542–96) was a celebrated Tudor seafarer, famous for circumnavigating the world on the Golden Hind and fighting the Spanish Armada.
Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521) was a Portuguese explorer who is credited with masterminding the first expedition to circumnavigate the world.
In 1789, master’s mate Fletcher Christian led a notorious mutiny on the Bounty, which was under the command of William Bligh.
Follow the key events in Captain Cook’s life of adventure from a simple start to global fame and a grizzly death.
Sir Ernest Shackleton was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer, who made three expeditions to the continent, most famously in 1914 on the Endurance.
In the early 20th century the race was on to reach the South Pole. Robert Falcon Scott led the first British expedition.