Queen Elizabeth I

In December 1587 Queen Elizabeth I put Lord Howard of Effingham in charge of England’s defence against the Spanish Armada.

The threat to the Crown from Catholic forces continued to grow for Queen Elizabeth I during the 1580s.

How was England's defeat of the Spanish Armada under Elizabeth I a defining moment in the country's history?

The tides of peace turned for Queen Elizabeth I when Mary, Queen of Scots arrived in England in 1568. 

Walter Raleigh (1544–1618) was a courtier, seaman and explorer in Elizabethan England. He was a pioneer in the English colonisation of North America.

Concerns about who would succeed Queen Elizabeth I saw Parliament petition her to marry and produce an heir almost immediately. 

One of England's most-famous monarchs, Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) rebuilt England’s standing in the world.

In Elizabeth I with a pelican emblem (1575), Nicholas Hilliard used symbols to communicate messages about Queen Elizabeth I. 

In the 1570s and 1580s, Queen Elizabeth I granted royal permission to two Englishmen to colonise America.

Find out more about the symbols used in portraits of Queen Elizabeth I and discover their meanings.

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