Life at sea
Gain a fascinating insight into the lives of sailors and seamen throughout history. From the protocols of the Royal Navy to the traditions, customs and working lives of 18th and 19th century crewmen, we explore what life was really like on the high seas.
As well as being a naval hero, Lord Nelson was an interesting and complex man. His letters and diaries reveal much about his character.
Life at sea meant short bursts of work followed by short periods of rest, these four-hour long segments of the day are called watches.
Life at sea during the age of sail was filled with hardship. Sailors had to accept cramped conditions, disease, poor food, pay and bad weather.
The ‘standard’ nautical mile is taken as 6080 feet (1.151 statute miles or 1853 metres) and is the unit of length used in sea and air navigation.
In the 19th century, MP Samuel Plimsoll campaigned for load lines to be painted on the side of ships to prevent them being overloaded and sinking.
The introduction of steam power in the 19th century revolutionised the shipping industry and made Britain a world-leader in shipbuilding.
A captain going down with his sinking ship is one of the strongest and most honourable traditions of the sea.
The Royal Navy introduced coloured cloth on to their uniforms in 1863, so that it was possible to distinguish between naval departments.
The first naval Victoria Cross was awarded to Charles Lucas while serving as a Mate on HMS Hecla in 1854 during the Crimean War.