Elizabethan

The Spanish Armada led by King Philip II of Spain attempted to invade England in 1588, to avenge the death of Mary Queen of Scots in 1587.

Concerns about who would succeed Queen Elizabeth I saw Parliament petition her to marry and produce an heir almost immediately. 

In the 1570s and 1580s, Queen Elizabeth I granted royal permission to two Englishmen to colonise America.

In Elizabeth I with a pelican emblem (1575), Nicholas Hilliard used symbols to communicate messages about Queen Elizabeth I. 

The search for new markets during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I helped to boost England’s maritime confidence.

Find out more about the symbols used in portraits of Queen Elizabeth I and discover their meanings.

John Dee provided Queen Elizabeth I with a new vision for England, spurring the rise of the British Empire.

Elizabeth I with the cardinal and theological virtues (c. 1598), copyright: Dover Museum and Bronze Age Boat Gallery, was commissioned by the Corporation of Dover for the town hall there. It is on permanent display at Dover Museum and Bronze Age Boat Gallery.

The Privy Council was a defined body that advised Queen Elizabeth I and acted as the administrative centre for her government.

Queen Elizabeth I was very conscious of her appearance, and her image was engineered to convey wealth, authority and power. 

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