By the 1560s, newly minted Elizabethan coins had helped to renew people's trust in England’s currency at home and abroad.

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Various dramatic events led to Elizabeth I taking over the throne from the Catholic Queen Mary I.


Queen Elizabeth I inherited a nation suffering from religious flux, but went on to build a stable, peaceful nation.


After Henry VIII’s death in 1547, Elizabeth went to live with her stepmother, Katherine Parr, leading to a near-disaster. 


In December 1559, Queen Elizabeth I consecrated Matthew Parker as the first Archbishop of Canterbury for the new Church of England.

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The Tudor dynasty was founded in 1485 by Elizabeth's grandfather, Henry VII, when he emerged victorious after the dynastic Wars of the Roses. 


Queen Elizabeth I's tempestuous relationship with Robert Devereux, the 2nd Earl of Essex, greatly influenced the latter part of her reign, and resulted in Essex's execution in 1601.


John Davis was the second explorer to look for the North-West Passage, in 1585. He also invented the Davis quadrant, enabling sailors to find their latitude.


Early portraits of Queen Elizabeth I stress her God-given right to rule by her death she symbolised national unity.


In December 1587 Queen Elizabeth I put Lord Howard of Effingham in charge of England’s defence against the Spanish Armada.