King Charles I

Losing the Civil War led  not only to his execution, but to the abolition of the monarchy. Charles was also a patron of the arts, and alongside his wife Henrietta Maria, made the Queen’s House a well-known destination for masques. Henrietta Maria later became the last queen to live in the Queen’s House.

Find out more about the Queens of the Queen's House

Painting of Charles I
Charles I, after Sir Anthony van Dyck


There was no full-time navy when James I (VI of Scotland) and Charles I were on the throne. This left the British coastline vulnerable to attack.

Charles I (1600-1649).jpg

Charles I succeeded his father James I in 1625 as King of England and Scotland. During Charles’ reign, his actions frustrated his Parliament and resulted in the wars of the English Civil War, eventually leading to his execution in 1649.

Henrietta Maria etching by van Dyck

Wife to King Charles I and Queen consort of England Scotland and Ireland, Henrietta Maria was a patron of the arts who oversaw Inigo Jones’s completion of the Queen’s House in 1635.