Stuart England

The Stuart era saw some of the most tumultuous times for the royal family. In 1649 Charles I was executed as a result of the English Civil War, temporarily abolishing the notion of a monarch.

However in 1660 his son Charles II was welcomed back with open arms, and restored as the King of England.

It was also during the Stuart period that ‘Stuart England’ became ‘Stuart Great Britain’ when the act of union between England and Scotland was passed under Queen Anne.


There was no full-time navy when James I (VI of Scotland) and Charles I were on the throne. This left the British coastline vulnerable to attack.

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Our curator, Kristian Martin, looks at the notorious sex life of the famous diarist Samuel Pepys.


Learn about the origins of Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night, and find out more about the history of the Gunpowder Plot.


Curator Kristian Martin on Samuel Pepys and the Great Fire of London, and how to bury your parmesan cheese. 

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Tim Stanton, Retrieval Technician, delves into our archives.

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Greenwich has been a key location for the royal family for over 500 years. 


Inigo Jones designed the beautiful Queen's House in Greenwich, bringing Classical architecture to England in the process.

Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution - plague

In 1666 the Great Plague tore through London, wiping out nearly a quarter of its population. See how it spread, who was blamed and how many died in our infographic – packed with surprising facts and figures.

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Henrietta Maria and Charles I loved to present masques - great spectacles of dance, music, poetry and drama.

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Samuel Pepys was a true Londoner and throughout his diary we see him delight at what the capital has to offer. When faced with the Great Plague he refused to leave the city, and when he saw it destroyed by the Great Fire he weeps. We join Londonist on a tour of Pepys's city.