Essential Information

Location
National Maritime Museum
Price Free

Turner’s largest painting and only royal commission is one of the jewels in the National Maritime Museum’s fine art collection.

The artist embarked on an unusual amount of practical research for this painting. He completed a series of sketches of HMS Victory in 1805, borrowed a ship plan from the Admiralty and made two compositional oil sketches.

The Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805

The finished painting contains a number of incidents from different times during the battle. The falling mast, is perhaps an allusion to the dying Nelson, while code flags spell out ‘d-u-t-y’, both the last word of Nelson’s signal to the British fleet at the start of the battle, and one of the last words he reportedly spoke. In the foreground British seamen try to save fellow and enemy crew from the bloodied sea.

At the time, the painting provoked criticism for its non-chronological approach to Nelson's victory and its powerful allusions to the human price of Britain's triumph at sea.

The story behind the painting

 Discover the story behind Turner's greatest masterpiece and most controversial painting.

Choose your tickets

National Maritime Museum

  • Guaranteed entry time
  • Access to all free galleries and activities
  • Exposure: Lives at Sea exhibition
  • Paid exhibitions not included
Free entry
Book online
BOOK NOW
National Maritime Museum

Become a Member

  • Unlimited entry all year
  • Royal Observatory
  • Cutty Sark
  • Planetarium Shows
  • Special exhibitions
Direct Debit One-off
Individual: £50 Individual: £60
Family: from £65 Family: from £75
JOIN TODAY

Member tickets

  • Free Museums entry
  • Priority booking
  • Membership card number required
Advance booking recommended
BOOK NOW