Celestial table globe

Celestial table globe. It forms a pair with the terrestrial globe, Colom GLB0170. Astronomical details on the sphere include a labelled magnitude table. The Milky Way and the Magellanic Clouds are labelled. The nova in Cassiopeia lacks a legend but there is one in Cygnus. There is a labelled precession table.
There is an advice to the reader on the southern stars in an oval cartouche. To the right of this text, there is a portrait of Tycho Brahe with text. The lunar mansions are indicated by their numbers and names, also in Arabic script. A total of 34 stars and seven stars groups are named. The 48 Ptolemaic constellations and four of the non-Ptolemaic constellations are drawn, and the 12 southern constellations of Plancius are also drawn.

This globe is the earliest known globe to show the Arabic names for the Southern hemisphere constellations newly invented by Petrus Plancius (1552-1622) in the late 1590s. Most of the cartography is copied from a 340 mm diameter globe by Willem Jansz Blaeu. New to this globe is the Arabic star names provided by Golius (1596-1667), Professor of Arabic at Leiden University from 1625, who took the names from the star map of the famous Arabic astronomer, al-Sufi (903-986AD). For full details about the cartography and construction of this globe please refer to the related publication.

Object Details

ID: GLB0171
Collection: Astronomical and navigational instruments; Charts and maps
Type: Table globe
Display location: Not on display
Creator: Colom, Jacob Aertsz; Petrus Plancius, Petrus
Date made: circa 1640
People: Brahe, Tycho
Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, Caird Collection
Measurements: Overall: 474 x 474 mm; Diameter of sphere: 340 mm; Diameter of Meridian Ring: 365 mm

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