We know the names of the first men in space, and on the Moon - but what about the women?
Who was the first woman in space?
The first woman to travel in space was Soviet cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova. On 16 June 1963, Tereshkova was launched on a solo mission aboard the spacecraft Vostok 6. She spent more than 70 hours orbiting the Earth, two years after Yuri Gagarin’s first human-crewed flight in space.
The first female astronauts
The first British woman in space
First African American woman in space
First American woman in space
The first Indian woman in space
What year was the first woman in space?
Margaret Hamilton - NASA computer pioneer
Katherine Johnson - NASA mathematician
Women in space today
First woman on the Moon
In October 2019, NASA revealed the two spacesuits that the first woman to walk on the Moon would wear. One, a white and blue spacesuit, is to be worn on the lunar surface itself. It has been designed to be flexible, to allow astronauts to move easily on the Moon. The second, an orange pressure suit, will be worn by astronauts when launched into space in the Orion capsule, and on their return to Earth.
The first all-female spacewalk
NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir conducted the first all-female spacewalk on Friday 18 October 2019. While women have been performing spacewalks since the 1980s (read more below), this was the first time that an all-female crew had performed the operation. The mission included repairing a faulty power unit on the International Space Station.