Why is the ship's name Cutty Sark?
Cutty Sark’s name comes from the famous poem Tam O’Shanter by Robert Burns. It is about a farmer called Tam who is chased by a scantily-clad witch called Nannie, dressed only in a ‘cutty sark’—an archaic Scottish name for a short nightdress. Cutty Sark’s figurehead is a depiction of Nannie and Cutty Sark’s collections feature a number of items connected to Robert Burns and the Tam O’Shanter legend.
Naming the ship
Jock Willis, the original owner of the ship, chose the name Cutty Sark, which was allegedly suggested to him by the ship’s designer, Hercules Linton. It is a rather peculiar choice of name for a ship, as in legend – and indeed in Burns’ poem – witches are unable to cross water.
We do not know definitively why Jock selected this name. It could reflect his patriotism, choosing a name inspired by the Scotland’s most famous poet another ship in his fleet was named Halloween also the name of a Burns poem.
Mrs Moodie – the wife of the first master of the ship, George Moodie – officially named the ship when launched in Dumbarton on 22 November 1869.
Cutty Sark sailed under this name while under the Red Ensign, 1869-95. Her name changed to Ferreira when, in 1895, she was sold to a Portuguese company. Although officially registered as Ferreira, her Portuguese crew often referred to her as 'pequina camisola', which translates as 'short nightie' - the same meaning as ‘cutty sark’.
She was sold again in 1922 to another Portuguese company and renamed Maria do Amparo. However, she did not retain this name for long as later that year Captain Dowman of Falmouth purchased the ship and named her Cutty Sark once again.
The legend of Tam O’Shanter
Robert Burns’s poem Tam O’Shanter is based on a Scottish legend about a farmer of the same name.
After drinking at a pub one night, Tam starts his journey home on his trusty old mare Meg. But on his way he is transfixed by the sight of witches and wizards dancing around a bonfire in a churchyard.
One witch in particular, Nannie, catches his attention. She is young and beautiful and wearing only a cutty sark. Afraid but unable to drag himself away, Tam loses himself and shouts out ‘Weel done cutty sark’ in appreciation of her dancing.
Alerted to his presence, the witches pursue Tam, with Nannie in the lead. Knowing that witches can't cross water, Tam and Meg head for the river Doon. Just as they are about to cross, Nannie reaches out and grabbs Meg’s tail, which mysteriously comes away in Nannie’s hand, saving Tam’s life.
The crew of Cutty Sark often placed a frayed rope in the figurehead Nannie’s hand, representing Meg’s tail.
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