Check the dates for every full Moon throughout the year, and learn about lunar phases, 'supermoons' and more below.
What is a full Moon?
A full Moon occurs when the Moon appears as a complete circle in the sky. We see it as a full orb because the whole of the side of the Moon facing the Earth is lit up by the Sun's rays.
The Moon produces no visible light of its own, so we can only see the parts of the Moon that are lit up by other objects.
A small amount of light comes from distant stars and the reflection of light from the Earth (known as Earthshine). However the main source of light for the Moon is the Sun.
Watch the animation below to see how the Moon's phases work during a full lunar cycle.
The Moon appears as different shapes in the sky depending on its 'phase', from new Moon to full Moon via 'waxing' (growing) and 'waning' (shrinking) moons. These phases are determined by the relative positions of the Sun, Earth and Moon.
If the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun in its orbit, then the back side of the Moon is lit up and the side facing the Earth is in darkness. This is called a new Moon.
If the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth to the Sun, then the near side of the Moon will be fully lit up: a full Moon.
How often does a full Moon occur?
A full Moon happens roughly every 29.5 days. This is the length of time it takes for the Moon to go through one whole lunar phase cycle.
Is there a full Moon every month?
The Moon’s phases and the months of the year are inextricably linked - the word 'month' even takes its root from the word 'moon'.
A month was originally defined to be either 29 or 30 days, roughly equal to the 29.5-day lunar cycle. However, some of our calendar months were later padded out with extra days, in order that 12 months would make up one complete 365-day solar year.
Because our modern calendar isn’t quite in line with the Moon’s phases, sometimes we get more than one full Moon in a month. This is sometimes known as a blue moon.
When is the next full Moon?
Check the calendar below for all the full Moon dates in 2019.
|Full Moon date||Full Moon name|
|20 January||Wolf Moon|
|19 February||Snow Moon|
|20 March||Worm Moon|
|19 April||Pink Moon|
|18 May||Flower Moon|
|16 June||Strawberry Moon|
|16 July||Buck Moon|
|14 August||Sturgeon Moon|
|13 September||Full Corn/Harvest Moon|
|13 October||Hunter's Moon|
|12 November||Beaver Moon|
|11 December||Cold Moon|
Note that the dates above correspond to the evenings when the Moon is closest to full illumination. The exact moment when the Moon and Sun are aligned on opposite sides of the Earth - known the 'syzygy' of the Sun-Earth-Moon system - may fall on a different date. This is why we can have a 'full Moon' in the middle of the day.
What is a Supermoon?
The distance between the Moon and the Earth varies, because the Earth is not right at the centre of the Moon’s orbit and the Moon’s orbit is not a circle (it’s an ellipse).
The moment when the Moon is closest to the Earth is called a lunar perigee. When the Moon is furthest away it is known as a lunar apogee.
If the lunar perigee occurs very close to a full Moon, then we see what is known as a Supermoon. If a lunar apogee occurs very close to a full Moon then we see a Micromoon.