The Victorian era of the United Kingdom and its overseas Empire spans the 63-year reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). By this time, the role of the monarch was to reign, rather than rule. Victoria served as figurehead for the nation.
The period saw the British Empire grow to become the first global industrial power, producing much of the world's coal, iron, steel and textiles. The Victorian era saw revolutionary breakthroughs in the arts and sciences, which shaped the world as we know it today.
These transformations led to many social changes with the birth and spread of political movements, most notably socialism, liberalism and organised feminism.
Born at Kensington Palace and christened Alexandrina Victoria, the baby princess took her place as a potential heir to the throne.
Discover the rich royal history of the area where Henry VIII built his first tournament ground, Elizabeth I took daily walks in the Park, and where Inigo Jones built the Queen's House