A branch of the bread fruit tree with fruit

The first of two such breadfruit engravings published in John Hawkesworth's 'Voyages' (an account of the journeys by Captain Cook, Vice Admiral John Byron, and Joseph Banks published on behalf of the Admirality in 1773). The other version (coloured) is PAI3959. Breadfruit is a starchy fruit that has a potato-like flavour when cooked, similar to bread, and is high in carbohydrates and protein. Breadfruit was seen as a highly productive food and was later transported to the Caribbean as a cheap, high-energy food source for slaves.

Initial field drawings of this plant were done by Scottish botanist and natural history artist Sydney Parkinson during Captain James Cook's first Endeavor voyage (1768-71). Captain Cook (1728-1779) made three separate voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.

Mounted in Album PAJ2143, with PAJ2145 - PAJ2206.

Object Details

ID: PAJ2149
Type: Print
Display location: Not on display
Creator: Miller, John Sebastian
Date made: 1760s; 1770s
Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Measurements: Sheet: 303 x 365 mm
Parts: Plates of Cook's Voyages - Voyage 1 (Album)

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