Flamsteed House

Coronavirus closure

Visitor notice: All Royal Museums Greenwich sites are currently closed to visitors, but you can still join us for online events and search our digital collectionsFind out more

Essential information

Opening times: 
10am–5.30pm daily
Royal Observatory, Meridian Line and Historic Royal Observatory, Flamsteed House
Members go free

Get up close to beautiful Flamsteed House at the Royal Observatory Greenwich, designed by Sir Christopher Wren and historic home to Britain's Astronomers Royal.

See the historic Royal Observatory

Flamsteed House is the original Royal Observatory building at Greenwich. King Charles II instructed Wren, who was also an astronomer, to design the building in 1675 and it was completed the following year. While you're here, you can:

  • Watch the Time Ball drop - On top of Flamsteed House is one of the world’s earliest public time signals, the bright red Time Ball, which has been in operation since 1833. See it drop at 1pm everyday!
  • Enjoy the panorama with the Camera Obscura - Using a lens and rotating mirror, the camera obscura projects a close-up real-time moving panorama of Greenwich and the Thames, the National Maritime Museum and the Royal Naval College.
  • Explore the Octagon Room - The beautiful Octagon Room was designed to observe celestial events including eclipses, comets and planetary movements. Today it houses a selection of timepieces and astronomical instruments.
  • Get to grips with Longitude in the Time Galleries - Learn the story of Longitude, marvel at the Harrison clocks and see where sea navigation is at now.
  • Visit the Astronomers Royal Apartments - Take a fascinating glimpse into the apartments where the Astronomers Royal and their families lived and worked in our new Observatory Life display.

Buy a ticket to Flamsteed House and also get access to the Astronomy & Time Galleries and the Meridian Courtyard (ages 5 and under go free). The historic site also includes the Prime Meridian of the World and the UK's largest refracting telescope. 


Octagon Room

The positioning of Flamsteed House meant that the original purpose of the Royal Observatory could not be fulfilled from the Octagon Room. With big windows, the room was perfect for watching the sky, but not ideal for positional observations, because none of the walls were aligned with a meridian. Most important positional observations were actually made in a small outhouse in the gardens, though King Charles II remained blissfully unaware of this.

Find out more about the Octagon Room

Astronomers Royal apartments

The role of Astronomer Royal was created by Charles II in 1675, when he appointed John Flamsteed to draw up a map of the heavens with enough accuracy to be reliable for navigation. Since Flamsteed there have been nine Astronomers Royal, including Edmond Halley and Nevil Maskelyne, each of whom have contributed to the world’s understanding of the stars, time and space.

Find out more about Observatory Life

Time Galleries 

Time and Longitude 

At sea, navigation is a matter of life and death. Out of sight of land, how can you tell where you are? Time and Longitude tells the story of the quest to find longitude at sea in the age before satellite navigation, and showcases Harrison's celebrated sea clocks.

Find out more about the Time and Longitude gallery

Time and Greenwich 

This gallery looks at the historical need to develop increasingly accurate timekeeping see amazing objects including the actual GPS receiver used by Sir Robin Knox-Johnston on his record-breaking round-the-world voyage of 1994.

Find out more about the Time and Greenwich gallery