'Tozenji, Yedo. (Residence of Sir Rutherford Alcock)' [Tokyo, Japan]

No. 10 of 51 (PAJ2051 - PAJ2101): inscribed by the artist in the lower left corner of the drawing 'Tozenji' with the monogram signature 'JHB' and date '1/68'; and on the album page, as title.
The Tozen-ji is a Zen Buddhist temple at Tokyo (fomerly Edo). The first British legation to Japan, headed by (Sir) Rutherford Alcock from 1858 to 1864, was housed in a residence in its grounds from 1859. The temple became famous for an incident on 5 July 1861 in which the legation suffered an attack by a group of anti-western samurai connected with the Mito fiefdom. This was repulsed by Alcock's staff but sword nicks, and bullet holes from the British defence, are still visible on the former legation building.

This drawing appears to show the temple's 'sanmon', or ceremonially most significant gate, usually lying within the outer perimeter. It no longer exists but the Museum has yet to confirm whether it was destroyed by the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, Second World War air raids of spring 1945, or another cause.

Object Details

ID: PAJ2060
Type: Drawing
Display location: Not on display
Creator: Butt, James Henry
Date made: Jan 1868
People: Butt, James Henry
Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Measurements: Sheet: 170 x 247 mm
Parts: Album of topographical views, mainly on the coasts of Japan, China and Formosa (Taiwan) (Album)

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