'Sweaborg' [Sveaborg/ Suomenlinna: Finland]

No. 5 in Fanshawe's Baltic and later album, 1843 - 83. Fold-out panoramic drawing on three joined sheets, the two on the right stuck down to the album page and captioned by the artist below the image, as title. Sweaborg - the usual 19th-century English spelling of the Swedish Sveaborg - is the 18th-century six-island fortress covering the approach to Helsinki (formerly Helsingfors), Finland, which was Russian territory at this time. It was subjected to massively destructive bombardment by the Anglo-French fleet on 8 - 9 August 1855 during the Baltic campaign of the Crimean War, but was not captured and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1918, it was renamed Suomenlinna (Castle of Finland) and is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since there is no obvious damage shown here, this drawing of it from a safe seaward distance probably predates the bombardment. Fanshawe's 'Cossack' was present at that but, given her small size, was only marginally involved (see Fanshawe [1904] pp. 329-33).

Object Details

ID: PAI4677
Type: Drawing
Display location: Not on display
Creator: Fanshawe, Edward Gennys
Places: Sveaborg
Date made: Late July to early August 1855
Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Measurements: Sheet: 115 x 522 mm
Parts: Album of watercolours of the Baltic, Mediterranean, Scotland, Switzerland and Burma (Album)

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