'Seru [Seru Epenisa Cakobau (Thakombau)], on board, and Masomalua (in the hat), Octr 1849' [Fiji]

No. 31 in Fanshawe's Pacific album, 1849 - 52. Captioned by the artist on the album page below the image, as title. Seru (1815 -83), whom Fanshawe in 1849 knew as Thakambau [sic] was eldest son of Tanoa, Vinivalu (paramount chief) of Bau, and from 1852 to 1874 the self-proclaimed and eventually recognized King of Fiji (see PAI4636). Fanshawe arrived in the islands knowing (and soon learning more) of his fearsome reputation, and immediately invited him aboard 'Daphne' on Sunday 29 September 1849 in order to convey the views he was charged with representing in Polynesia. Thakombau came accompanied, as interpreter, by the local Wesleyan missionary James Calvert (1813-92), to whom he was greatly attached, though he did not convert to Christianity and abandon cannibalism until 1854. Fanshawe was surprised to find him cowed on coming aboard, since he knew he had shortly before spent two days on a Navy warship - the 'Havannah', from New Zealand. Thakombau frankly confessed, however, that while fearless in his own environment 'with these ships of war he felt himself quite powerless, and therefore was afraid' (p. 229). He soon recovered and greatly impressed Fanshawe, who 'showed him round the ship... gave him some luncheon' and later noted: 'He is a remarkably fine-looking man, quite the beau-ideal of a savage chief. Like many of the other chiefs he is more than six feet high, but I saw none with such deportment and dignity of carriage. His hair was frizzed out and covered with a napkin of thin native cloth (as is customary with chiefs), which gives it the appearance of a full white turban. He had a large fold of native cloth round his waist, consisting partly of his two trains wound round for convenience; these trains are long strips of cloth, one from before and one from behind, both of which trail a long way in the rear and denote a high chief. A little lamp-black about his face completed the costume' (Fanshawe [1904] pp. 229-30). Thakombau came aboard with five or six 'attendants', two shown here wearing the same chiefly headdress. The third, on the right, was another chief of Bau, Mosomolua (already baptized Hezekiah, see notes to PAI4631) whom Fanshawe described as 'a tall ungainly-looking personage, with a good deal of cunning in his countenance, which was not improved by a very shabby straw hat, which he had, I suppose, adopted as a mark of civilisation' (p. 226). The visitors are shown on 'Daphne's' quarterdeck, apparently about to go below, with a seaman by the wheel in the background.

Fanshawe did nine drawings of Fiji and Fijians, including two studies of local weapons, PAI4631-PAI4639. This is one of only two such outline figure drawings in the Fanshawe collection (which he may have used in making his more formal watercolour portrait of Thakombau, PAI4736). The other such drawing of the Tahitian, Susan Young, on Pitcairn, is PAI4615.

Object Details

ID: PAI4637
Type: Drawing
Display location: Not on display
Creator: Fanshawe, Edward Gennys
Date made: Oct 1849
Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Measurements: Sheet: 127 x 179 mm
Parts: Album of watercolours of Madeira, Brazil, the Falkland and Pacific Islands, Chile, Panama, Mexico, Vancouver, and California (Album)

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